district courts

  • Litigation: Courts take a broad view of protected personal identification information

    In a decision that may herald heightened litigation risks for certain businesses that collect consumer information, the U.S. District Court for the District of Massachusetts just joined the California State Supreme Court in taking a broad view of what constitutes “personal identification information”

  • Litigation: A Stern gift that keeps on giving

    In Stern v. Marshall, the Supreme Court held that a non-Article III court, such as a bankruptcy court, may only constitutionally determine “public rights,” such as the resolution of a proof of claim filed in a bankruptcy, and not private rights, such as those to augment the estate.

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