About the Author
Vandy Howell is a vice president of Cornerstone Research with expertise in industrial organization and labor economics. Dr. Howell’s practice area focus has been on antitrust, intellectual property, marketing, and breach of contract matters. She has extensive experience in class certification. She has expertise across many industries, including cases involving technological and innovation markets, agriculture, and labor market issues.
Historically, certification of a purchaser class has relied on a demonstration that class members were exposed to, relied on and were directly harmed by the alleged fraud or misrepresentation. Over time, however, approaches to class certification have evolved.
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