Since the implementation of the Dodd-Frank “conflict minerals” law, there have been signs of progress according to an investigative report by the Enough Project. After five months of field research in 14 different mining towns, it appears that the prominence of violent armed groups at “3T” mines (tin, tantalum, and tungsten) in eastern Congo have been reduced by 67 percent.
Before the Dodd-Frank law on conflict minerals, it was estimated that armed groups and the military were making $185 million annually from the 3T mines. The army groups that controlled the mines were also responsible for human rights violations and other atrocities in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Now, however, “Dodd-Frank has had major impact in eastern Congo by making it much less economically viable for illegal armed groups and the army to exploitatively mine 3 out of the 4 major conflict minerals,” Enough’s Field Researcher Fidel Bafilemba says. With electronic companies expanding their responsible mineral sourcing from Congo, Congolese miners are now earning 40 percent more from these mines.