There are plenty of differences between presidential candidates Barack Obama and Mitt Romney, but the two opponents have one thing in common: They both have law degrees.
1) How many U.S. Presidents practiced law before heading to the White House?
2) In the 186 years since his death, John Adams has become one of the U.S.’s most lauded presidents for his role in the founding of the country. But as a pre-revolutionary lawyer, Adams was responsible for what unpopular action?
b) Defending the British soldiers involved in the Boston Massacre
In 1770, British soldiers killed five civilians and injured six others during a confrontation with angry colonists. When eight soldiers and one officer were later arrested for the killings, Adams agreed to take on their defense. Eventually, six of the soldiers were acquitted, and two were found guilty of manslaughter and received reduced sentences.
3) Of the 12 presidents to actually attend law school, six have dropped out before graduation. Which two presidential relatives are included in that number?
a) Theodore Roosevelt and Franklin D. Roosevelt
Not only were the fifth cousins both law school dropouts, but they both dropped out of the same school: Columbia. After graduating from Harvard in 1880, Teddy Roosevelt spent two years at law school, but dropped out to run for New York Assemblyman. FDR followed his relative’s footsteps from Harvard to Columbia; however, after leaving law school he went on to pass the bar and practice law at Carter Ledyard & Milburn.
4) Perhaps the most famous lawyer-turned-president, Abraham Lincoln spent more than a decade practicing law in Springfield, Ill. As a younger man, Lincoln worked on riverboats, and, as a lawyer, he represented many transportation industry clients. His interest in the transportation industry helped Lincoln to become the only president to do what?
d) Hold a patent
5) Barack Obama graduated from Harvard Law School in 1991, famously serving as the first black president of the Harvard Law Review. Who is the only other U.S. president to graduate from Harvard Law School?
d) Rutherford B. Hayes
6) In all, seven U.S. presidents have argued cases before the Supreme Court. Who was the last president to do so?
b) Richard Nixon
7) Which future president was initially rejected from Yale Law School because of his full-time responsibilities as an athletics coach at the university?
a) Gerald Ford
Famous for his football playing, Ford actually turned down National Football League contract offers from the Detroit Lions and Green Bay Packers in hopes of attending Yale Law School. The school initially turned him down, however, because of his duties as a boxing coach and assistant varsity football coach. He ultimately won admission in the spring of 1938 and graduated in the top 25 percent of his class in 1941.
8) He’s not the first to come to mind when you think of presidential lawyers, but Andrew Jackson was a country lawyer on the American frontier in the late 1700s. His legal training couldn’t save him from scandal during his subsequent quest for the presidency, however. What crime did his opponents accuse Jackson of during the 1828 presidential campaign?
Technically it was Rachel who faced bigamy allegations for marrying the future president before she was divorced from her first husband, Captain Lewis Robards. The First Lady separated from Robards in 1790 and married Jackson the following year, believing that Robards had filed for a divorce.
9) For one president, it wasn’t enough to be Commander in Chief—he also served as Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court. Who is the only President to ever hold both of those prestigious titles?
d) William Howard Taft
Taft’s term as the nation’s 27th President ended in 1913. Eight years later, Warren G. Harding nominated the former Solicitor General to the Chief Justice spot following the death of Edward Douglass White. Taft, who served on the court for nine years, reportedly once said: “I do not remember that I was ever President.”
10) The most recent lawyer-turned-president is Barack Obama who worked as a civil rights lawyer and taught constitutional law at the University of Chicago prior to entering politics. At what Chicago law firm did Obama meet his future wife Michelle?
c) Sidley Austin
Obama was a summer associate at the firm in 1989 when he met first-year associate Michelle Robinson, a fellow Harvard Law graduate who was charged with mentoring the future president. The two eventually married in 1991.