Worker misclassification analysis is boring, but the fact is plaintiffs’ class-action attorneys remain endlessly fascinated — or at least economically motivated — by worker misclassification cases.
Plaintiffs’ lawyers love these cases. They are bet-the-company actions, with the employer bearing the burden of proof regarding proper classification. If the C-Suite isn’t listening, they should be.
Few employers knowingly misclassify workers. Oftentimes, they simply equate “white collar” work or particular job titles (e.g., “Manager”) with exempt status. Many companies also assume that persons working in highly technical positions, or those that require significant expertise, are exempt. For this reason, IT workers and engineers are often misclassified. Corporations have paid mightily for their alleged misapplication of the law in this particular area, even where no liability was actually shown. One technology company settled such an action for more than $60 million and a gaming company paid out nearly $15 million, fearing an even worse result if litigation persisted. Now is the C-Suite listening?
Other departments where misclassifications and class-action litigation are abundant include Operations, Accounting/Finance, Human Resources, Payroll, Administration, Engineering, Legal and Sales. Again, settlements in the tens of millions have resulted from these “boring” claims.
The person taking a first look at classification issues in your company must have comprehensive knowledge of the relevant law. Take, for instance, the administrative exemption. That exemption generally requires, among other things, that the worker perform office or non-manual work, that such work be of significance to the company, that he or she be consistently exercising discretion and independent judgment, and that he or she be primarily engaged in such exempt activities. Seems easy enough, right?
But in Bell v. Farmer’s Ins. Exchange, 87 Cal. App. 4th 805 (2001), the court held that the company’s claims adjusters, who had such independence and discretion that they were authorized to cut checks for the insured,were not exempt administrative employees. Rather, they were deemed non-exempt “production workers.” The result? Liability to the tune of $210 million. Other exemptions — for executives, computer professionals, “learned” professionals and other workers — are equally difficult to apply.